University of Buckingham (1978 – 1980)
B.A., with Honours, European Studies (graduated with honours in English Law and European Institutions). Studies in English Law, EC Law and Institutions, and French Law and Language.
Université d’Aix Marseilles (1978 – 1979)
Diplôme en droit (graduated second in class with distinction). Studies in French Constitutional, Administrative and Civil (first and second years) Law.
Université Catholique de Lille (1977)
Diploma, French Language.